You are not alone with depression. Millions of people around the world suffer from the #1 cause of disability for people between 15 – 45. It is known that depression is one of the top 3 illnesses in the workplace. Whether people are depressed due to work or family-related issues. Depression is one of the mental illnesses that cause over $280 billion in lost earnings annually.
Forms of Depression
Depression can be seen in multiple forms and either major depression or clinical depression. Depression is also seen after a traumatic event, during changes in a person’s environment, and even childbirth.
- Traumatic Event: mostly seen in first responders, depression can develop after any type of traumatic event or event that lasts a long period of time. Depression in this form can lead to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder with also in compiled with a number of additional emotions. A few good examples would be, events from 911, the COVID-19 pandemic, or years of exposure to many different events. One was a day of tragedy followed by weeks, months, and years of cleanup. One is a growing event keeps spreading around the world. While continuous exposure to tragic events eventually slowly develops into a depressed state.
- Persistent depressive disorder: lasts for at least two years and can be considered as major depression or less sever periods. Since depression is persistent, this form of depression can show signs of suicidal ideations or homicidal ideations. Think of it as living in the same mental state day after day, going to the same workplace every day with no change in your routine. Some days the traffic is running smooth, while the next its bumper to bumper.
- Seasonal affective disorder: usually associated with depression during the winter months, also can be called “Cabin Fever.” Some think it can be associated with the reduced hours of sunlight during the day. Generally, this form of depression will subside once you can get outside during long days of spring or summer. It has been documented that getting out in the fresh air helps a person’s mental state. This depression can be due to social withdrawal and the increase in weight from lack of mobility.
- Postpartum depression: Mothers will begin to feel the effects of postpartum depression during pregnancy. This depression the mother will begin feeling signs of sadness, anxiety, and exhaustion. Difficult for new mothers to complete daily care for themselves and/or for their babies since they have no experience or very little guidance. The mother will have periods of time of uncontrollable emotions from sadness to anger. Postpartum depression is not to be confused with things like the “baby blues,” which in most cases will subside 2-3 weeks after the child is born.
Signs / Symptoms
A person needs to feel a few of these signs and symptoms on a regular base for at least two weeks to be considered in a depressed state. A person may feel most of these signs and symptoms to be considered for a diagnosis of major depression. Symptoms may vary depending on time and severity.
- Persistent sad, anxious, or “empty” mood
- Feelings of hopelessness, or pessimism
- Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, or helplessness
- Loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies and activities
- Decreased energy or fatigue
- Moving or talking more slowly
- Feeling restless or having trouble sitting still
- Difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions
- Difficulty sleeping, early-morning awakening, or oversleeping
- Appetite and/or weight changes
- Thoughts of death or suicide, or suicide attempts
- Aches or pains, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems without a clear physical cause and/or that do not ease even with treatment
Depression can be caused by a combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors. Depression can develop at any age, however, it is more likely in adults due to adult responsibilities like work, finances, and family. Depression in children is less likely. Children suffering from depression is usually from thing like being accepted in social groups or family stability.
Depression is treatable in most cases with counseling and/or medication in severe cases. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and other brain stimulation therapies may be options to explore if depression continues with medication and counseling.
Seek the help you need before its too late.
Please share and add any comments below.